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With the work, Lyagushkin aims to show the “smallest creatures living with us in this enormous world.” His work highlights the way these animals live together in the White Sea, the only inland sea that freezes annually. The major ports on the White Sea are Arkhangelsk, Belomorsk, Onega, Mezen, Kem, Kandalaksha and Umba. However, instead of expanding the old port, Ivan IV established a new one down-river in 1584, called New Kholmogory, which from 1596 began to become known as Arkhangelsk. [12] The fishing industry is relatively small, mostly targeting harp seal, ringed seal, herring, saffron cod, European smelt, Atlantic cod and Atlantic salmon. “It’s a great joy to shoot sea angels,” he says. He asked Mikhail Safonov, the founder and managing director of the Arctic Circle PADI Dive Centre and Lodge, what was going on. The shrimp are tiny but very active; they eat and fight with each other non-stop. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. [3], Rivers bring annually about 215 km3 of fresh water, on average, mostly to the Onega, Mezen and Dvina bays. The sea is quiet in July–August. In general, he says, we know very little about the rich life in the seas. On the south, Onega Bay receives the Onega River. Sometimes, they can be albinos, which lack all pigments and have white fur and reddish-pink eyes. The major port of Arkhangelsk is located on the White Sea. The White Sea (Russian: Белое море, Béloye móre; Karelian and Finnish: Vienanmeri, lit. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/09/white-sea-arctic-underwater-marine-life.html, See mesmerizing video of sea angels in a mating dance. From the 1920s, most northern Russian sea shipments diverted from the White Sea to the new port of Murmansk (officially founded in 1916), where the waters did not freeze in winter. White Sea, Russian Beloye More, Beloye also spelled Beloje, an almost landlocked extension of the Arctic Ocean indenting the shores of northwestern Russia.It is connected to the more northerly Barents Sea by a long, narrow strait known as the Gorlo (“Throat”). [1], The sea hosts more than 700 species of invertebrates, about 60 species of fish, and five species of marine mammals, including friendly beluga, the white whale. [7][8], Dutch ships soon followed the English, and the port of Kholmogory became busy with shipments of fur and fish. These variations are due to the distribution of water salinity across the sea, which increases from 24 to 26‰ in the centre to 30.5‰ in the gorlo, reaching 34.0–34.5‰ toward the Barents Sea. One of the earliest settlements near the sea shores grew up in the late 14th century at Kholmogory, on the Northern Dvina. Six free printable black & white and colored sea animal sets to use for crafts and various ocean-themed learning activities. This hinders water exchange between the White and Barents seas. The port was reinforced with a fortress which sustained a siege by the Polish-Lithuanian army in 1613. Although Lyagushkin has shot many underwater landscapes in the past, this project marks the first time he used a fisheye macro lens, enabling him to make detailed images of the tiny sea creatures, as well as their surroundings. This role decreased later after the foundation of Saint Petersburg (1703), which opened a more direct ice-free connection between Russia and the bulk of Western Europe via the Baltic Sea. Kandalaksha Gulf lies in the western part of the White Sea; it is the deepest part of the sea, reaching 340 metres (1,115 feet). Local and foreign shops and factories were established in the city at that time. Because these animals don't have any melanin, they can have an all-white appearance, often with pinkish or very pale blue eyes. Though small, just seven to 10 centimeters across, Lyagushkin imagines the ctenophore as a “giant and majestic alien brain living in a green world.”. For much of Russia's history this was Russia's main centre of international maritime trade, conducted by the Pomors ("seaside settlers") from Kholmogory. Annual precipitations increase from 282 mm in the north 529 in the south. We will not just see which animals sport these shades, but will also see how this unique coloration helps these animals when it comes to survival. Ice thickness is usually about 40 cm but may reach 150 cm in cold winters. And because of global warming, the animals of the northern seas are perishing before we can learn more. Residents of Novgorod knew of the White Sea from at least the 11th century and rapidly explored its commercial significance for navigation and its coastal forests rich in fur animals. Northwestern coasts are tall and rocky but the slope is much weaker at the southeastern side. Safonov, who has a Ph.D. in biology, surmised that the animal had possibly been disturbed by a diver’s fin—unless, he joked, it was just “in a bad mood.”. The expedition, sponsored by King Edward VI of England and a group of about 240 English merchants, had London's authorisation to establish trade connections. This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 00:44. These bays connect with the funnel-shaped opening to the Barents Sea via a narrow strait called "Gorlo" (Russian: Горло, meaning "throat"). Unlike many white animals associated with the north, such as polar bears and snowy owls, which are white all year, these creatures shift their colors with the seasons. His work highlights the way these animals live together in the White Sea, the only inland sea that freezes annually. Every animal makes melanin—from mice, to koalas, to human beings—so, accordingly, any animal can have albinism. [1] The ice is not stationary, but 90% of it is floating and is continuously removed to the Barents Sea. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the northern limit of the White Sea as "A line joining Svyatoy Nos (Murmansk Coast, 39°47'E) and Cape Kanin". [5][9], Between the 15th and early 18th centuries, the White Sea served as the major trade route in and out of Russia. Fascinated as one danced in front of his camera, he likens the experience to seeing a real angel. Sea animals featured in these sets incude coral reef fishes, jellyfish, starfish, seahorse, crab, octopus, dolphins, sharks, whales, orca, and sea turtles. For the Turkish term Akdeniz (White Sea), see, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Filatov N., Pozdnyakov D., Johannessen M.O.,, Pettersson H.L.,, Bobylev P.L., 2005, White Sea: Its Marine Environment and Ecosystem Dynamics Influenced by Global Change, pp.174, Praxis Publishing, Springer, retrieved on 06-05-2014, Portrait of the White Sea offered by the Baltic Sea Portal, 'The Canal of Lost Hope' Two Part Documentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=White_Sea&oldid=983745796, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from Russian Wikipedia, Articles using infobox body of water without image, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Finnish-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In general, he says, we know very little about the rich life in the seas. The Baltic Sea, in turn, is connected by the Volga–Baltic Waterway to the Volga River, Black, Caspian, and Azov seas. About 40% of this volume is brought during the snow melting in May, and the inflow is minimal in February–March. [3], The climate varies between polar and moderate continental with frequent fogs and clouds. The waters of the White Sea are actually green, says photographer Viktor Lyagushkin, thanks to abundant phytoplankton in these icy waters straddling the Arctic Circle. As temperatures drop and autumn gives way to the seemingly ceaseless snows of winter, some animals in northerly climes exchange their pelage or plumage of summer drab for the purest white. However, small sea depths reduce the wave height to the average of 1 metre, sometimes reaching 3–5 metres. The freezing period varies from year to year as shown in the satellite image to the right. 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